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Recycling Steel and Applications of Recycled Steel

January 19, 2013

Recycling Process

Steel can be recycled over and over again without losing any of its properties. An interesting fact is that recycling 1 ton of steel helps to save 1.8 barrels of oil, 10.9 million Btu’s of energy, 642 kWh of energy, and 2.3 m3 of landfill space.

Steel recycling can be performed by following some of these steps:

  • Sorting – Magnets can be used to attract the steel away from other materials in a recycling facility
  • Shredding – Shredders are designed with rotating magnetic drums that extract iron and steel from other metals and materials
  • Media separation- by using electrical currents, high-pressure air flows and liquid floating systems, further separation of steel from other materials can be achieved
  • Shearing – Hydraulic machinery are used to cut thick heavy steel recovered from railways and ships by exerting enormous pressure on the items. Sometimes gas and plasma arch are used

Steel is then melted and reshaped before being used in the production of a variety of commodities ranging from bikes and new cans to paper clips.Applications of Recycled Steel

Recycled steel can be used for the same applications as steel produced from virgin material. Products that are made of recycled steel include:

  • Electrical appliances
  • Automobiles and other vehicles
  • Office supplies
  • Hardware such as bolts, nuts, screws etc.
  • Construction materials
  • Cans and containers

Read more…

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